I know that Muslims believe that Adam and Eve sinned against God, but that they later repented and were forgiven, and everything became normal as before and God’s plan for Adam and Eve continued to follow its path.
My friend, if it had been so, was it worth punishing them? Why did they remain mortal? All Muslims are unanimous that after their sin, Adam and Eve were driven from the garden. If they have sinned and everything became as if nothing had happened, why did not they remain living in the garden? Moses records that neither they nor any other subsequent member of the human race, was permitted to re-enter the garden.
So I would like to ask you the following question: “Why were we not born in paradise? Why do we die? I invite you to read the answer given by the Holy Scriptures to these questions.
Adam – Federal Chief of Humanity!
The Holy Scriptures teach us that when God created the universe, he appointed a man to represent us in the Garden of Eden (جنة عدن). In Hebrew, Adam means: Man. Adam was God’s perfect choice for you and me. Just as a federal government has a spokesperson to speak on its behalf, so Adam became the Head or the Federal Representative appointed by God for the whole human race that was in him, and would descend directly from him as his seed
My communion with God depends on that of my representative before God. So when Adam sinned, the whole race disobeyed with him! Sin (as a poison) infiltrated the world and the whole human race succumbed to it. Think of it as the domino effect. Align all the blocks in a domino. As soon as the first falls, what happens to the rest? They will also fall. In the same way, when the first man fell, all the rest of the human race fell with him. The fall of Adam was also ours. This is what Christians mean when they speak of “inheriting original sin” extending to the whole human race.
When God condemned Adam, who lost his original righteousness,by taking away his original righteousness, and died spiritually and became the subject of death physically, we were similarly condemned with him – we also died with him. The curse of the fall extends to all.
A Hadith that speaks of the concept of original sin inherited from Adam
The doctrine of original sin extending to all men is of course present in this explicit Hadith where Adam is held responsible for causing the expulsion of the human race from paradise:
The Prophet said, “Adam and Moses argued with each other. Moses said to Adam. ‘O Adam! You are our father who disappointed us and turned us out of Paradise.’ Then Adam said to him, ‘O Moses! Allah favoured you with His talk (talked to you directly) and He wrote (the Torah) for you with His Own Hand. Do you blame me for action which Allah had written in my fate forty years before my creation?’ So Adam confuted Moses, Adam confuted Moses,” the Prophet added, repeating the Statement three times.(Hadith, Bukhari, vol 8, book 77, n ° 611).
This shows very clearly that the human race shares in some way the expulsion of Adam from paradise, even though Adam, according to this Hadith, which contradicts the writing of Moses in the Torah, in Genesis 3, simply excused himself by laying the blame squarely back to the will of Allah!.
Is it right ?
What have we seen so far? The consequence of Adam’s sin was death. Every thoughtful person must come to the same conclusion. Looking at the descendants of Adam (ourselves included), we see that they all suffer from the same condemnation: death. However, two conclusions are necessary:
Adam represented his descendants and as such, taking part in his punishment is normal and just.
– or –
Adam did not represent his descendants and in this case, inflicting such punishment on his descendants who did not participate in his downfall would be an evil injustice – God himself would be unjust.
Basically, if I have nothing to do with Adam’s sin, why should I suffer the consequences? Why wasn’t I born in Paradise? If I was born perfect (as the Muslims believe), then, frankly, God should have created me in Paradise (as he did with Adam) and then see if I would disobey as Adam and Eve did. But God did not do that, he did not allow me to be born in heaven, despite being innocent, according to Islam.
In truth, following what happened in the Garden of Eden, we are all born separated from God by an insurmountable abyss. We all inherited the sin of Adam. This explains why we are all born out of paradise. The Prophet David said to us, “Behold, I was born in iniquity, and my mother conceived me in sin” (The Bible, Psalm 51:5). That is the sad truth! Think of children. One of the first words stammered by a child is, “No!” We are all aware that their disobedience does not depend on their age. Who teaches them to be wicked? Do you think they need a course on disobedience? Of course not ! Parents teach them good manners, but no one needs to teach them to do wrong. It is inherent in their nature because it is inherited with their nature. They are born predisposed to evil. The words of the prophet David are more than true: we are born sinners. At the moment of conception we are guilty sinners by nature.
God is holy and we are sinners, completely separated from Him. A prophet said:
Your iniquities have made a separation between you and your God, and your sins have hidden his face from you so that he does not hear.(The Bible, Isaiah 59: 2).
In short, we can say that you and I are called to endure the same punishment as Adam’s, because, like him, we are disobedient and fallen!
What is the solution? People want to find their own solution, but we must always and only stick with the one provided by God.
That’s enough bad news for man! Let’s move on to good news!
What did God do when Adam and Eve disobeyed? Did he destroyed them? Did He start again, and send them to hell? He could have done it.
Did God say, “If you want to get back into paradise, do more good works (حسنات) and less bad (سيآت)”? Nat at all! The solution to their disobedience was not to suggest that they do a good work to make up for the bad. What was the remedy of God and its consequences? It was death!
We read in the Torah that following the sin of Adam and Eve, God made a promise:
The LORD God said to the serpent, “Because you have done this, cursed are you above all livestock and above all beasts of the field; on your belly you shall go, and dust you shall eat all the days of your life. 15 I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and her offspring; he shall bruise your head, and you shall bruise his heel.” (The Bible, Torah, Genesis 3: 14-15).
Let us praise God that He has revealed, not only His holiness, but also His mercy. God’s words to Satan were called the first gospel (meaning good news).
What does God promise? He promises a redeemer, a saviour, a rescuer for the descendants of the woman, but that Saviour will be a descendant of the woman only. It is the first mention of what is later declared to be the virgin conception and birth of Christ. Let us note that there is no mention of the saviour being a from a man and woman, only the woman.
In other words, it is as if God said to them: “I am the holy God who does not tolerate sin. I have declared that the wages of sin are death. There is no question of ignoring it, the sinner must pay and there is only one remedy for sin and death, and this is only possible by what one person will accomplish in the future. This person will not be born of a human father, he will only be born of a virgin. Now, my dear friend, tell me: who, in the history of this world, was born of a woman without intimate relations with a man? Who in the history of the human race has never had a human father? Yes, you have the right answer, Jesus Christ alone! He was born by the power of the Holy Spirit in the bosom of Mary. It is the fulfilment of the prophecy referred to in Genesis 3:15.